72.013 (2030) Yellow-tail Euproctis similis (Fuessly, 1775)

Status
Resident. Common.
 
Flight period
J F M A M J J A S O N D
























 
History
The first for Scotland was of a record at Rockcliffe (VC73) in 1870 by Francis Buchanan-White of Perth. The only other known Scottish occurrences were from Aberdeen,1872, South Ayrshire, 1900, Southwick and Mainsriddle (VC73) in June and July, 1946, and in August 1947, David Cunningham saw good numbers of the Yellow-tail flying at dusk on the Isle of Whithorn, Wigtownshire.
 
The first for Dumfriesshire came in 1951 when one was trapped in late July at Closeburn. Further VC72 records were from Castlehill, Dumfries and Lockerbie (Sir Arthur Duncan - BRC data).
During 1974-78 it was trapped regularly at Gatehouse of Fleet and Caerlaverock Rothamsted stations.
 
From 1993 to 2010, Old Torr/Auchencairn area (VC73), Caerlaverock (VC72) and Claymoddie (VC74) produced a number of records, with other widespread sites also adding to our knowledge.
 
Life cycle
One generation. Overwinters as a small larva during August to June. Pupation is low down on the foodplant in a cocoon.
 
Larval foodplants
Hawthorns, Blackthorn, birches, Hazel, oaks, sallows and elms.
 
Identification
A quick glance at the tip of the abdomen should separate it from other white moths.
 
Habitat
Gardens, hedgerows and woodland.
© Keith Naylor, Caerlaverock Castle, 2 August 2008
© Alison Robertson, Glencaple, 26 September 2013

Local distribution map

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

The following datasets are included:

  • Butterfly Conservation - Macro-moth provisional distribution for the British Isles (excluding the Republic of Ireland) from the National Moth Recording Scheme
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