73.273 (2147) The Shears Hada plebeja (Linnaeus, 1761) 

Status
Resident. Local.
 
Flight period
J F M A M J J A S O N D
























 
History
Lennon (1863) stated it was generally common in his 'List of Lepidoptera taken near Dumfries.' K. J. Morton of Edinburgh (1900) whilst on a visit in July 1899 to Wigtownshire had found this species in the Monreith area. Gordon (1913) stated it to be common and generally distributed, finding it at sugar and on rhododendron blossom around the Cosemalzie area. Earliest date was 6th June 1911.
 
William Evans received a specimen from Mowat, the Killantringan lighthouse keeper that was caught on 15th August 1913, our only record for August, to aid his insect migration studies.
 
Archibald Russell (1944) listed it as occurring near Gatehouse of Fleet (VC73) during the years 1942-43. Sir Arthur Duncan had found it at Tynron (VC72) during 1951 and again in 1954, specimens in National Museums Scotland. 
 
During 1976-82 there were fourteen records from five of the Rothamsted stations, with Mabie Forest adding  alone record in 1990 and Caerlaverock not recording it at all.
 
Of the remaining eighty records in the period 1993-2010, Kirkton, Durisdeer, Mersehead RSPB and Carsfad at Dalry feture prominently, with other records from Abbey Burn Foot, Colvend, Fairgirth Hill, Stroan Viaduct, Claymoddie and Twynholm to name a few.
 
Life cycle
Possibly two generations. Overwinters as a pupa in a cocoon close to ground level. Larvae are present July and August, feeding by night.
 
Larval foodplants
Lucerne, Mouse-ear Hawkweed and Smooth Hawk's-beard.
 
Identification
Unmistakeable.
 
Habitat
Open areas like heathland, sand-dunes, downland and also open woodland.
© Keith Naylor per A B Duncan, Tynron, 10 June 1951
© John Clark, Sandgreen, 24 June 2013

Local distribution map

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

The following datasets are included:

  • Butterfly Conservation - Macro-moth provisional distribution for the British Isles (excluding the Republic of Ireland) from the National Moth Recording Scheme
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