70.187 (1838) Tawny Speckled Pug Eupithecia icterata (Villers, 1789)

Resident. Common.
Flight period

Francis Buchanan White (1876) stated he had a specimen, which he had captured in Kirkcudbrightshire, without locality or date. This was probably in Colvend parish, as he published his list in 1895 for that parish. Gordon (1919) stated it was scarce at Corsemalzie, Wigtownshire, but W. S. Brocklehurst took it commonly at light at Craigenveoch, Glenluce, in August 1909.
Sir Arthur Duncan (1909-84) during his lifetime had found it at Closeburn and Castlehill, Dumfries (all VC72).
During 1974-93 there were sixty records from the Rothamsted stations, but not recorded at Caerlaverock.
From 1992 to 2010 the regular trapped sites at Kirkton, Durisdeer (VC72) and Carsfad at Dalry (VC73) accounted for many of the hundred records during this period, with the rest coming from widespread sites across the region.
Confirmed for VC72 in Riley & Prior (2003) but with status unclear for VC73 and 74.
Subspecies E. i. cognata Stephens, 1831
Four records. The first was at Corsemalzie (VC74) caught on 31st July 1898 by the Gordon brothers. The second was trapped at Portling (VC73) on 23rd June 1996 and now resides at the National Museums Scotland. The third was trapped at Torrs Warren (VC74) on 7th August 1997 and wrongly assigned, but later verified by Roy Leverton as this form. The fourth was trapped at Mersehead during August 2011.
Life cycle
One generation. Overwinters as a pupa. Larvae are present September to October. 
Larval foodplants
Yarrow and Sneezwort flowers and leaves. 
Two forms of this large pug occur in our region. The typical one has the orange patch on the forewing making it very distinctive and contrasting with form cognata which is a dark grey-brown moth with whitish cross-lines.
A wide variety of habitats.
Recorders' notes
Care required to separate from other 'pugs.'
© Keith Naylor, Dalbeattie, 2 August 2003
© Tony Davis, Torrs Warren, 7 August 1997, form cognata 

Local distribution map

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

The following datasets are included:

  • Butterfly Conservation - Macro-moth provisional distribution for the British Isles (excluding the Republic of Ireland) from the National Moth Recording Scheme
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