70.243 (1922) Swallow-tailed Moth Ourapteryx sambucaria (Linnaeus, 1758)

Status
Resident. Common.
 
Flight period
J F M A M J J A S O N D
























 
History
K. J. Morton of Edinburgh (1900) while on a visit in July 1899 to Wigtownshire had found this species in the Monreith area. Gordon (1919) found it very common and generally distributed in Wigtownshire, stating it flew along hedge sides and near woods. Earliest date was 10th May 1898.
 
Archibald Russell (1944) listed it as occurring near Gatehouse of Fleet (VC73) during the years 1942-43. Sir Arthur Duncan (1909-84) during his lifetime had found it at Closeburn, Tynron and Castlehill, Dumfries (all VC72).
 
During 1974-93 six hundred records were provided from the seven Rothamsted stations showing it to be a widespread species.
 
From 1992 to 2010 the regular trapped sites at Kirkton, Durisdeer, Cally Woods and Kirkcudbright provided a good number of the records from the seven hundred amassed in the period, with the rest from widely scattered sites across the region.
 
Life cycle
The extended flight period probably includes two or three generations of the year. Overwinters as a larva from late August to early June.
 
Larval foodplants
Hawthorn, Blackthorn and Black Currant.
 
Identification
Unmistakeable.
 
Habitat
Gardens, hedgerows and woodland.
© Peter Norman, Kirkcudbright, July 2005

Local distribution map

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

The following datasets are included:

  • Butterfly Conservation - Macro-moth provisional distribution for the British Isles (excluding the Republic of Ireland) from the National Moth Recording Scheme
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