70.094 (1759) Small Phoenix Ecliptopera silaceata ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)

Resident. Common.
UK BAP Priority Species.
Flight period

Lennon (1863) stated that it was not common, but that it had occurred at Terregles (VC72). Gordon (1919) stated that he had only taken three, these were at dusk near his front drive at Corsemalzie (VC74) on 12th June 1910, 18th June 1911 and 14th June 1912.
Archibald Russell (1944) listed it as occurring near Gatehouse of Fleet (VC73) during the years 1942-43. Sir Arthur Duncan (1909-84) during his lifetime had found it at Closeburn, Tynron and Castlehill, Dumfries (all VC72).
A fine series were trapped at Irvine House Lodge, Auchenrivock in 1974, and during the same year until 1993 all seven Rothamsted stations provided nearly three hundred records, showing it to be widespread.
From 1992 to 2010 the regular trapped sites at Durisdeer, Kirkton, Cally Woods, Mersehead RSPB, Carsfad at Dalry, Kirkland and Carsluith, provided a good portion of the six hundred records, with others from widely scattered sites across the region.

Form insulata (Haworth, 1809)
In this form the dark central band is interrupted by two white lines. It was first noted at Kirkland (VC72) on 31st May 2010, with further records from Dumfriesshire, noted at Courance. There is one record from VC73 and that occurred at East Barcloy on 21st June 2010.
Life cycle
Two generations. Overwinters as a pupa. Larvae are present late June to late July, again, late August to September.
Larval foodplants
Willowherbs and Enchanter's-nightshade.
Compared to similar species The Phoenix and Water Carpet, the cross-band is of a different shape and on f. insulata it is broken.
Mainly woodland rides, but wherever the foodplant grows.
Recorders' notes
Care required to separate from the rarer Phoenix and the spring occurring Water Carpet. Records of f. insulata worth recording.
© Keith Naylor, Dalbeattie, 15 August 2005
© f. insulata Brian Henderson, Courance, 9 September 2012

Local distribution map

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

The following datasets are included:

  • Butterfly Conservation - Macro-moth provisional distribution for the British Isles (excluding the Republic of Ireland) from the National Moth Recording Scheme
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