70.054 (1727) Silver-ground Carpet Xanthorhoe montanata montanata ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)

Status
Resident. Common.
 
Flight period
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History
The earliest notification of this species is published in Stephens (1829) with the Rev. William Little recording it at Raehills (VC72).
 
Lennon (1863) stated it was very common in his 'List of Lepidoptera taken near Dumfries.' K. J. Morton of Edinburgh (1900) whilst on a visit in July 1899 to Wigtownshire had found this species in the Monreith area. Gordon (1919) found it abundant and generally distributed in Wigtownshire. Earliest date was 9th June 1912.
 
Archibald Russell (1944) listed it as occurring near Gatehouse of Fleet (VC73) during the years 1942-43; this was the first for Kirkcudbrightshire. Sir Arthur Duncan (1909-84) during his lifetime had found it at Closeburn, Tynron and Castlehill, Dumfries (all VC72).
 
During the early 1970s there were a handful of records from various observers and with the setting up of the six Rothamsted stations in the mid 1970s until 1993 the Silver Ground Carpet was found to be widespread and abundant.
 
From the mid-1990s through the first decade of the 21st century, with portable trapping at varying sites and more observers recording this day-flying moth, its status has remained constant.
 
Life cycle
One generation. Overwinters as a larva during July to May. Pupates in a cocoon in soft earth.
 
Larval foodplants
Larvae feed on range of herbaceous plants, including bedstraws.
 
Identification 
Brownish-white forewings with brown cross band, and relatively plain underwing are key features.
 
Habitat
Scrub, grassland and various other habitats.
© Keith Naylor, Dyke Farm NR, Moffat, 16 August 2005

Local distribution map

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

The following datasets are included:

  • Butterfly Conservation - Macro-moth provisional distribution for the British Isles (excluding the Republic of Ireland) from the National Moth Recording Scheme
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