73.359 (2126) Setaceous Hebrew Character Xestia c-nigrum (Linnaeus, 1758)

Status
Resident. Common.
 
Flight period
J F M A M J J A S O N D
























 
History
K. J. Morton of Edinburgh (1900) whilst on a visit in July 1899 to Wigtownshire had found this species in the Monreith area. Gordon (1913) found it generally distributed, being often common at sugar in woods around Corsemalzie. He also found it on ragwort on Glenluce golf course 26th July 1905. Earliest date was 18th June 1899.
 
William Evans received specimens from Mowat, the Killantringan lighthouse keeper during 1914 to aid his insect migration studies.
 
Sir Arthur Duncan (1909-84) during his lifetime had found it at Closeburn, Tynron and Castlehill, Dumfries (all VC72) and Southerness and Colvend (VC73).
 
During 1975-87 there were twenty-five records from all of the Rothamnsted stations proving it to be widespread.
 
From 1981 to 2010 there were 120 records with Kirkton and Old Torr providing a good portion of them, the rest from widely scattered sites not too far from the coast.
 
Life cycle
Two overlapping generations. Larvae are present June and July, and then it overwinters from September to April.
 
Larval foodplants
Nettles, burdocks and willowherbs.
 
Identification
The straw-coloured blotch in the centre of the forewing adjacent to the costa and a black saddle is diagnostic.
 
Habitat
A wide variety of lowland areas including woodland and gardens.
© Peter Norman, Auchencairn, September 2010

Local distribution map

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

The following datasets are included:

  • Butterfly Conservation - Macro-moth provisional distribution for the British Isles (excluding the Republic of Ireland) from the National Moth Recording Scheme
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