70.177 (1828) Satyr Pug Eupithecia satyrata satyrata (Hübner, [1813])

Resident. Scarce.
Flight period

Lennon (1863) stated that it was not common, but that it had occurred at Glen Mills (VC72). Gordon (1919) found it common on the moors in June in Wigtownshire, but the species was variable.
Archibald Russell (1944) listed it as occurring near Gatehouse of Fleet (VC73) during the years 1942-43. Sir Arthur Duncan (1909-84) during his lifetime had found it at Lochar, Dumfries.
One was recorded from the Silver Flowe NNR in the early 1970s, with only two further records for the decade, one coming from Durisdeer, with the other from near Sanquhar.
Sir Arthur Duncan caught three single specimens at Kirkconnell Flow in 1982 and Torrs Warren in 1983 and 1984, the only other records were of two larvae from Black Loch, Ae, in late July 1987.
It was 1996 before it was found again. There were records from Cleugh SSSI, Lowther Hill, Silver Flowe NNR, Mabie Forest, Kirkconnell Flow NNR and Clatteringshaws Loch.
One was recorded from Hightae Loch, Lochmaben in 1997, with another from Durisdeer in 1999.

The first for the new millenium was of one found on the disused railway from Mossdale to Airie Farm on 28th May 2012, with another there on 30th May. Another was trapped on 17th June 2013 at Courance (VC72).
Confirmed for VCs 72 and 73 in Riley & Prior (2003).

Subspecies E. s. callunaria Doubleday, 1850
The nominate form occurs mainly in southern England, so callunaria, the moorland loving form, is the one found in this Region.
Life cycle
One generation. Overwinters as a pupa. Larvae are present July to September.
Larval foodplants
The larvae feed on the flowers of ragworts, Meadowsweet, Devil's-bit Scabious, hawkweeds, knapweeds, Heather and Cross-leaved Heather.
Care required to separate from other 'pugs.'
Upland grassland and moorland, lowland fens and bogs.
© K Naylor per A B Duncan, Kirkconnell Flow, 25 May 1982
© Brian Henderson, female, Courance, 17 June 2013

Local distribution map

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

The following datasets are included:

  • Butterfly Conservation - Macro-moth provisional distribution for the British Isles (excluding the Republic of Ireland) from the National Moth Recording Scheme
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