70.091 (1756) Northern Spinach Eulithis populata (Linnaeus, 1758)

Status
Resident. Common.
 
Flight period
J F M A M J J A S O N D
























 
History
Somerville (1858) while on a visit to the Moffat area in August of that year had found it to be common. Lennon (1863) stated it was not common, but had found it at Dalskairth (VC73). Gordon (1919) thought that it was scarce, but stated that he had taken a few near Kennel Wood, Corsemalzie (VC74), and on the moors where bog myrtle grows. Earliest date was 28th July 1897, 1905 and 1910.
 
Sir Arthur Duncan (1909-84) during his lifetime had found it at Closeburn, Southerness, Castle Hill, Dumfries and Kirkconnell Flow. Russell (1944) while staying at Gatehouse of Fleet during 1942-43 had found it locally.
 
The only records during the 1960s were found by Pelham-Clinton at Caulkerbush and Kirkbean (VC73).

We have two records for Dumfriesshire, one in 1963, the other in 1974, of the darker form that predominates in northern Britain.
 
Life cycle
One generation. Overwinters as an egg on the foodplant. Larvae are present April to June, pupating in a cocoon on the foodplant or on the ground below.
 
Larval foodplants
Bilberry.
 
Identification
The double projection on the dark central cross-band, with a series of round or oval paler blotches internally, with the triangular blotch at the apex should help to identify it.
 
Habitat
Moorland and open upland woodland.
 
Recorders' notes
Care required to separate from Chevron, Dark Spinach and Spinach.
© Keith Naylor, Bennan, Glen Trool, 13 August 2004

Local distribution map

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

The following datasets are included:

  • Butterfly Conservation - Macro-moth provisional distribution for the British Isles (excluding the Republic of Ireland) from the National Moth Recording Scheme
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