72.026 (2057) Garden Tiger Arctia caja (Linnaeus, 1758)

Status
Resident. Common.
UK BAP Priority Species.
 
Flight period
J F M A M J J A S O N D























 
History
Lennon (1863) had found it abundant everywhere. Gordon (1913) found this not uncommon in the larval state, but stated that the imagines were rarely seen. Sir Arthur Duncan (1909-84) during his lifetime had found it at Closeburn, Tynron and Castlehill, Dumfries (all VC72). Archibald Russell (1944) listed it as occurring near Gatehouse of Fleet (VC73) during the years 1942-43.
 
During 1961-73 there were ten records from widespread sites in VCs 73 and 74. Then, from 1974 to 1993 all seven Rothamsted stations recorded 150 records between them. From 1992 to 2010 the regular trapping sites at Kirkton and Durisdeer (VC72) and Mersehead RSPB (VC73) accounted for nearly half of the 400 records during this period, with the others from widespread sites across the region.
 
Form petriburgensis
This form has the forewing cream with brown blotches, a reversal of the nominate form, and has occurred at least twice, one was caught on 27th July 2011 at Kirkland and one was found by the River Annan on 24th July 2013 while clearing invasive plants, both (VC72).
 
Life cycle
One generation. Overwinters as a half-grown larva, during July to April, low down in the vegetation, where it pupates in a cocoon.
 
Larval foodplants
A wide variety of herbaceous plant, including Bell Heather, Common Rock-rose, to name a few.
 
Identification
Unmistakeable.
 
Habitat
Heathland, moorland, open areas in woodland and other scrubby areas.
© Alison Robertson, Glencaple, 11 July 2010
© Chris Stones, Annandale, 24 July 2013, f. petriburgensis
© Brian Henderson, Courance, 30 July 2013, variation
© Valerie Harrison, Glewhan Moor, 24 April 2011

Local distribution map

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

The following datasets are included:

  • Butterfly Conservation - Macro-moth provisional distribution for the British Isles (excluding the Republic of Ireland) from the National Moth Recording Scheme
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