69.002 (1980) Eyed Hawk-moth Smerinthus ocellata (Linnaeus, 1758)

Status
Resident? Rare.
 
Flight period
J F M A M J J A S O N D
























 
History
Lennon (1860) stated he had bred 40 on, presumably from larvae found around Dumfries. By 1863 he had found it at Lochaber in the Mabie Forest (VC73) and Comlongan (VC72) in 1862. Gordon (1913) admitted having never seen the imago, but records that larvae were not uncommon on willow at Merton-hall, Newton Stewart (Holland). This is an additional record to MOGBI for VC74.
 
Sir Arthur Duncan (1909-84) during his lifetime had found it at Closeburn (VC72). Sometime during 1975-80 it was found at Springfield, Gretna (BRC data), with further records from trapping at Kirkton in 1998 (photo) and 2000.
 
There was one that came indoors to light at Annan in early July 2009. Although no photo was taken the eyes on the pinkish underwing were seen. Another was trapped on 29th May 2011 at Dornockbrow (VC72).
 
However, Waring, Townsend & Lewington (2003) only record it once for Scotland and that is from Dumfriesshire.
 
Life cycle
One generation. Overwinters as a pupa underground, always near the larval foodplant of willows and sallows.
 
Larval foodplants
Cultivated and wild sallows and willows; also Apple and Crab Apple.
 
Identification
Unmistakeable.
 
Habitat
Wide range of habitats.
© Richard Mearns, Kirkton, 31 May 1998
© Brian Hammond, Dornockbrow, 29 May 2011

Local distribution map

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

The following datasets are included:

  • Butterfly Conservation - Macro-moth provisional distribution for the British Isles (excluding the Republic of Ireland) from the National Moth Recording Scheme
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