70.282 (1960) Early Moth Theria primaria (Haworth, 1809)

Status
Resident. Local. 
 
Flight period
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History
Lennon (1863) stated that he had found it not very common around the Dumfries area. Gordon (1919) had found it common at rest on birch twigs and hedges in Wigtownshire. Earliest date was 23rd January 1906. Sir Arthur Duncan (1909-84) during his lifetime had found it at  Tynron (VC72). Cunningham trapped it in 1948 and 1949 around Dumfries.
 
During 1975-82 there fifty records from all the Rothamsted
stations. From 1991 to 2010 the Early Moth was found at Kirkton, Closeburn and Castle Loch at Lochmaben (VC72), Bargaly Lodge, Rockcliffe, Kirkcudbright, Carsluith, Kirriereoch and Glenturk (VC73). The only Wigtownshire record are those of Gordon and RIS data at Penninghame.
 
Life cycle
One generation. Overwinters as a pupa just below the ground. Larvae are present early April to late May.
 
Larval foodplants
Larvae feed on Hawthorn and Blackthorn.
 
Identification
Male is distinctive. Female is wingless.
 
Habitat
Woodland, scrub and hedgerows.
Male © Peter Norman, Old Torr, 5 February 2011

Local distribution map

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

The following datasets are included:

  • Butterfly Conservation - Macro-moth provisional distribution for the British Isles (excluding the Republic of Ireland) from the National Moth Recording Scheme
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