73.270 (2155) Dot Moth Melanchra persicariae (Linnaeus, 1761)

Status
Resident. Local.
UK BAP Priority Species.
 
Flight period
J F M A M J J A S O N D
























 
History
Barrett (vol. iv) states it was recorded with doubt by Buchanan-White for Solway, Tweed and Clyde, while South doubted its occurrence in Scotland. But, Douglas Robinson (1870-71) had found it common in July on Almorness (VC73) which is additional to MOGBI. J. Garraway informed Gordon (1913) that he took one from a window on Alticry Lodge in 1903 which is also additional to MOGBI but for VC74.
 
Cunningham (1947) in the 'Transactions' stated he had bred a male on from a larva taken by his wife in September, 1946, at Closeburn (VC72). There follows a number of sketchy records for the Lockerbie area in every year between 1977-80. Next record was from Kirkton in 1993 where it has been almost annual since, with further records through the 1990s into the 21st century from Mersehead RSPB, Castle Douglas, Low Boreland, Dalbeattie, Lochfoot (all VC73), Glencaple and Moffat (VC72).
 
Life cycle
One generation. Overwinters as a pupa in a cocoon underground. Larvae present August to October, feeding by day and night on the foodplant.
 
Larval foodplants
A wide variety, including Common Nettle, Broad-leaved Dock, Groundsel, White Clover, Field Bindweed, Black Currant, Hazeel, Elder and Ivy to name a few.
 
Identification
Unmistakeable.
 
Habitat
Wide range of habitats and laval foodplants.
© Keith Naylor, Dalbeattie, 29 June 2009
© Alison Robertson, Glencaple, 21 September 2013

Local distribution map

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

The following datasets are included:

  • Butterfly Conservation - Macro-moth provisional distribution for the British Isles (excluding the Republic of Ireland) from the National Moth Recording Scheme
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