73.238 (2250) Dark Brocade Mniotype adusta (Esper, 1790)

Resident. Local.
UK BAP Priority Species.
Flight period

Somerville (1858) in August of that year had found the larvae of the Dark Brocade near Moffat. Lennon (1863) had only noted it as occurring at Castledykes (VC72). Gordon (1913) had found it common at sugar in the woods around Corsemalzie (VC74), also on honeydew at Alticry on 3rd July 1905, and found that a few came to light. Earliest date was 29th May 1911. Russell (1944) also listed it as occurring near Gatehouse of Fleet during 1942-43 whilst he was resident there. Sir Arthur Duncan (1909-84) found it during his lifetime at Closeburn and Castlehill, Dumfries.
During the 1960s there were records from the Glentrool area. Followed by just one record from the Rothamsted stations, Newton Stewart recording it in 1976. One record in 1982 at Laurieston is all there is for that decade. But from 1992-2010, Kirkton, Durisdeer and the Grey Mare's Tail NTS near Moffat have been the most recorded sites. Other widespread sites contributed during this period but the total of records is only just over 100.
Life cycle
One generation. Overwinters as a fully grown larva in a cocoon underground, with pupation in April or May. Feeds mainly at night during June to September.
Larval foodplants
A variety of herbaceous plants and woody ones, including Bog-myrtle, Heather and Alder.
It's in the eyes! They are hairless and this fact alone separates it from Pale-shouldered Brocade and Cabbage Moth, while its distinctive long eyelashes separate it from all Apamea species.
Various habitats including moorland, heathland and grassland.
Recorders' notes
Care required to identify.
© Peter Robinson, Carsluith, 27 May 2007

Local distribution map

The gadget spec URL could not be found

Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

The following datasets are included:

  • Butterfly Conservation - Macro-moth provisional distribution for the British Isles (excluding the Republic of Ireland) from the National Moth Recording Scheme
 Powered by the  NBN Gateway