71.025 (1994) Buff-tip Phalera bucephala (Linnaeus, 1758)

Status
Resident. Common.
 
Flight period
J F M A M J J A S O N D
























 
History
Lennon (1863) stated it to be generally distributed. Douglas Robinson (1870-71) had found the larvae abundant during August on Almorness (VC73). Gordon (1913) had found the larvae often abundant on various trees during August and September, but had found the imago only once, and that was on the high road at Corsemalzie on 29th June 1897.
 
During 1913-15 William Evans received specimens from Mowat, the Killantringan lighthouse keeper to aid his insect migration studies. Sir Arthur Duncan (1909-84) during his lifetime had found it at Closeburn, Tynron and Castlehill, Dumfries (all VC72).
 
During 1974-92 all seven Rothamsted stations recorded it in small numbers. Kirkton (VC72) and Cally Woods (VC73) have proved to be strongholds since, with many scattered records during 1993-2010, proving it to be a widespread species in small numbers.
 
Life cycle
One generation. Overwinters as a pupa underground. Larvae are present from July to October, hatching from a large batch of eggs.
 
Larval foodplants
Larvae feed mostly on willows, birches and oaks, but also other broadleaved trees and shrubs.
 
Identification
Unmistakeable.
 
Habitat
Open woodland, scrub, hedgerows and gardens.
© Keith Naylor, Dalbeattie, 31 May 2008
© Gavin Chambers, Low Camer Wood, 12 October 2011

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Distribution map displays records from the National Biodiversity Network (See terms and conditions).

The following datasets are included:

  • Butterfly Conservation - Macro-moth provisional distribution for the British Isles (excluding the Republic of Ireland) from the National Moth Recording Scheme
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